Hair loss can affect just your scalp or your entire body. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or medications. Anyone can experience hair loss, but it’s more common in men.
Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people prefer to let their hair loss run its course untreated and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And still, others choose one of the treatments available to prevent further hair loss and to restore growth.
Before pursuing Hair Transplant Treatment, consult with the surgeon about the cause of your hair loss and treatment options.
HOW MUCH HAIR LOSS IS NORMAL?
It is normal to lose between 50-100 hairs a day. This usually doesn’t cause noticeable thinning of scalp hair because new hair is growing in at the same time. Hair loss occurs when this cycle of hair growth and shedding is disrupted or when the hair follicle is destroyed and replaced with scar tissue.
WHAT CAUSES HAIR LOSS?
Hair loss is typically related to one or more of the following factors:
- Family history (heredity): The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition called male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually with aging and in predictable patterns — a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair in women.
- Hormonal changes and medical conditions: A variety of conditions can cause permanent or temporary hair loss, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata, which causes patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, etc.
- Medications and supplements: Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout, and high blood pressure.
- Radiation therapy & Chemotherapy: The hair may not grow back the same as it was before.
- A very stressful event: Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
- Certain hairstyles and treatments: Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can cause a type of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot oil hair treatments and permanents can cause inflammation of hair follicles that leads to hair loss. If scarring occurs, hair loss could be permanent.
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HAIR LOSS?
A number of factors can increase your risk of hair loss, including:
- Family history of balding, in either of your parent’s families
- Significant weight loss
- Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and lupus
HOW CAN IT BE PREVENTED?
Most baldness is caused by genetics (male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness). This type of hair loss is not preventable.
These tips may help you avoid preventable types of hair loss:
- Avoid tight hairstyles, such as braids, buns or ponytails.
- Avoid compulsively twisting, rubbing or pulling your hair.
- Treat your hair gently when washing and brushing. A wide-toothed comb may help prevent pulling out hair.
- Avoid harsh treatments such as hot rollers, curling irons, hot oil treatments, and permanents.
- Avoid medications and supplements that could cause hair loss.
- Protect your hair from sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet light.
- Stop smoking. Some studies show an association between smoking and baldness in men.
- If you are being treated with chemotherapy, ask your doctor about a cooling cap. This cap can reduce your risk of losing hair during chemotherapy.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT FOR HAIR LOSS?
- Medications: They can be useful in two ways. They can be used to reverse hair loss when used early in the balding process & can retard further hair loss at almost any stage. Drugs work well for some patients, but not for others. They can be used alone or as part of a hair loss treatment plan that includes hair transplantation. Generally, the earlier medications are started, the more effective they are. In about 1/3 of the cases, there is a visible amount of hair regrowth & in about 85 %, it can significantly slow down further hair loss. Medications take time to work & should be continued for a certain period of time.
- PRP :
- What is PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma)?
Platelet is one of the components in human blood & is the key to the body’s ability to heal wounds. It is thought by increasing the platelet count in a wounded area, the body’s healing capacity for that area would be accelerated
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is concentrated blood plasma which contains approximately five times the number of platelets found in normal circulating blood. In addition, blood plasma contains growth factors like PGDF, TGF, VEGF & other bioactive (approximately 30) proteins that aid in wound healing- explaining the use of PRP in wound healing.
- How is PRP obtained?
The blood of a patient needing the treatment is spun in a centrifuge that separates the solid from liquid components. This separated “solid” portion of the blood is PRP. It is then placed into a syringe & is ready to be used.
- How is PRP used?
It can be injected into the recipient site to stimulate the healing of the transplanted grafts & into the donor area to facilitate healing of the donor area. It can be injected into areas of scalp suffering from hair thinning, so that the inactive follicles, if any, can grow again & also to reduce further hair loss.
3. Hair Transplantation is a surgical technique that removes hair from one part of the body, called the ‘donor site’, to a bald or balding part of the body known as the ‘recipient site’.
- It is accomplished using naturally-occurring groups of 1,2,3 or 4 hairs called follicular units. Each follicular unit makes a graft.
- The technique is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness. In this minimally invasive procedure, grafts containing hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding (like the back & sides of the head- also called a permanent zone) are transplanted to the bald scalp.
- Hair transplantation can also be used to restore eyebrows, beard hair, etc.
When it comes to modern Hair Plantation techniques, there are two primary methods for extracting hair follicles during the transplant procedure:
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
- Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
These two procedures are similar in that they both offer completely natural-looking results. The primary difference is the way in which hair follicles are extracted from the back of the head (donor area), the implantation process being identical.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE), is a Hair Transplant method where the follicular units of hair are extracted, from the donor area of the head, one by one, without the need for a linear incision or cut. A small punch (0.6mm to 1mm) is used to make very small circular incisions in the skin around the upper part of the follicular unit, extracting them from the scalp directly.
Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT) is the traditional Hair Treatment method which involves extracting a linear strip of hair-bearing skin from the back or the side of the scalp(donor area), an area within the permanent zone. The strip is then dissected to separate the individual grafts.
KNOW YOUR GRADE OF BALDNESS (CLASSIFICATION OF HAIR LOSS IN MEN)
Below is the most widely used classification for hair loss given by Dr. Norwood so that you can see for yourself the stage of baldness you are in.
According to this classification, the Hair Loss starts in the front region, and also vertex which then progresses to involve whole of the top portion of the scalp. This progression is seen in the Norwood system of classification.
Type I: No recession or minimal recession of the hairline.
Type II: Start of the recession of hairline or there is some recession in the temporal region.
Type III: More marked deepening of the recession in the temporal region and may also involve crown or vertex area where it is then called Type III vertex.
Type IV: Characterised by an increase in hair loss in the frontal region as well as on the vertex but both regions are still separated by a band of hairs across the top.
Type V: The area of hair loss increases in the front and the crown area with either sparse band of hair separating the two regions or the bridge between the two regions has started to break.
Type VI: This stage is characterized by the disappearance of the bridge of hairs, which forms a large area of baldness in the front and on the top of the scalp.
Type VII: This is the severe form of baldness where an only horseshoe-shaped band of hair is present from one side to another including the back of the scalp.
In addition to this type, II-V can be described as having Type A variant which is characterized by the recession of the entire hairline without the hair loss in the vertex area so that there is no connecting bridge of hairs between the frontal and the vertex area.
You can very clearly speak with the surgeon at COMHTS before undergoing the treatment. At COMHTS, Dr. Aseema works with every patient to determine the cause of the problem & to create a Hair Loss Treatment pattern. Once the cause is determined, the options of treatment are discussed with the patient, so that each patient receives the Best Hair Transplant Treatment.
BEFORE & AFTER GALLERY
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